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PR001: C Programming

 

Duration: 5 days

Summary
Students will develop the ability to design and write programs in the C programming language.

Audience
Programmers new to the ANSI C language.

Prerequisites
Programming skill in a language such as Pascal, COBOL, BASIC, or assembler.

Course Outline

1. Introduction

  • Course Objectives
  • Course Overview
  • Suggested References

2. Introduction to C

  • What is C?
  • Features of C
  • Why Program in C?
  • History of C
  • Current Status and Future

3. An Overview of C

  • The First Program (hello.c)
  • How to Compile and Run a C Program
  • An Arithmetic Program (roof.c)
  • Execution Flow Control (mph.c)
  • The for Loop
  • The for Loop – Diagram
  • Character I/O
  • A File Copier Program (cp2.c)
  • A Character Counter (wc2.c)
  • A Look at Arrays
  • Stock Values (stock1.c)
  • The char Data Type
  • Strings (Character Arrays)
  • A String Copy Program (stringcp.c)
  • A Look at Functions
  • A Functional Program (func1.c)
  • A Review of printf()

4. Data Types and Variables

  • Fundamental Data Types
  • Data Type Values and Sizes
  • Variable Declarations
  • Variable Names
  • Constants
  • Character Constants
  • String Constants

5. Operators and Expressions

  • What are Expressions?
  • Arithmetic Operators
  • Relational Operators
  • Assignment Operator
  • Expressions Have Resulting Values
  • True and False
  • Logical Operators
  • Increment and Decrement Operators (++ and )
  • Increment and Decrement Operators: Examples
  • ‘Operate-Assign’ Operators (+=, *=, …)
  • Conditional Expression
  • Operator Precedence
  • Precedence and Order of Evaluation
  • Evaluation of Logical Operators
  • Type Conversions
  • The Cast Operator
  • Bitwise Logical Operators

6. Control Flow

  • Statements
  • if – else
  • if() – else if()
  • switch()
  • while()
  • do – while()
  • for()
  • The for Loop – Diagram
  • Example: for() Loop
  • Another Example: for() Loop
  • The break Statement
  • The continue Statement

7. Functions

  • What is a Function?
  • Why Use Functions?
  • Anatomy of a Function
  • Example: find_big_int()
  • Arguments Passed by Value
  • Addresses of Arguments Can Be Passed
  • A Picture of Addresses and Values
  • When to Use the Return Statement
  • Returning Non-Integer Values
  • Functions in Multiple Source Files
  • A Simple make File;
  • The Concept of Variable Scope
  • Automatic Variables
  • Global (External) Variables
  • Static Variables
  • External Static Variables

8. The C Preprocessor

  • Symbolic Constants
  • Macro Substitution
  • File Inclusion

9. Pointers and Arrays

  • What is a Pointer?
  • Pointer Operators
  • Example: Pointers
  • Why Use Pointers?
  • Arrays
  • Arrays (a Picture)
  • The & Operator
  • Pointers and Arrays
  • Pointer Arithmetic
  • Pointer Arithmetic (a Picture)
  • Arrays and Pointers
  • Array Names are Constant Pointers
  • Passing Arrays to Functions
  • Initializing Arrays

10. Advanced Pointers

  • Pointer Initialization
  • Command-Line Arguments
  • Strings and Character Pointers
  • Arrays of Pointers
  • Command-Line Arguments
  • Access Through Pointers
  • Functions and Pointers
  • Example: Functions and Pointers

11. Structures

  • Structures
  • Comparison of Structures and Arrays
  • Structure Definitions
  • Structure Declarations
  • Structure Parameter Passing by Reference
  • Pointers to Structures
  • Structure Parameter Passing Again
  • Arrays of Structures
  • The malloc Routine

12. Appendix – File I/O in C

  • File Streams
  • Predefined Streams
  • The fprintf Function
  • The fscanf Function
  • fscanf() Examples
  • The fputs and fgets Functions
  • The fwrite and fread Functions
  • System I/O